The staples of Indian cuisine are rice
whole wheat flour
and a variety of pulses used extensively in the form of dal.
Some of the pulses like chickpea are also processed into flour
Influences on Indian Cuisine
One strong influence over Indian foods is the longstanding vegetarianism within sections of India’s Hindu, Buddhist and Jain communities. People who follow a strict vegetarian diet make up 20–42% of the population in India.
Islamic rule introduced rich gravies (aka. curry dishes) rice pilafs and non-vegetarian fare such as kebabs
Some Common Dishes you should know
Naan, Chapati, Samosa, Raita, Dal, Tandori,